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PhD defence by Roni Irnawan on Control and Planning of Expandable Multi-Terminal VSC-HVDC Transmission Systems

Time

05.09.2018 kl. 13.00 - 05.09.2018 kl. 16.00

Description

Roni Irnawan, Department of Energy Technology, will defend the thesis "Control and Planning of Expandable Multi-Terminal VSC-HVDC Transmission Systems".

TITLE

Control and Planning of Expandable Multi-Terminal VSC-HVDC Transmission Systems

PHD DEFENDANT

Roni Irnawan

SUPERVISOR

Associate Professor Filipe Miguel Faria da Silva

MODERATOR

Associate Professor Jayakrishnan Radhakrishna Pillai

OPPONENTS

Associate Professor Tamas Kerekes, Dept. of Energy Technology, Aalborg University (Chairman)
Professor in Power Electronics Systems Mike Barnes, University of Manchester, UK
Senior Principal Scientist Bertil Berggren, ABB Corporate Research, Sweden

ABSTRACT

At an area where there are already VSC-HVDC links in operation, it is more likely to develop the MTDC system step-by-step, i.e. started by interconnecting neighboring point-to-point (PtP) links one to another or by connecting a new converter into an existing PtP link. In line with this, COBRAcable (DK-NL interconnection), is planned to be operated as MTDC system in the future by connecting an additional offshore wind farm (OWF) converter to its cable. Therefore, this Ph.D. project aims to provide methodologies to allow a smooth transition from PtP link into MTDC operation or to enable the expansion of an existing MTDC system.

Each of the converters within an MTDC system needs to be ensured to operate within a specific DC voltage operating limits for different power flow conditions. In this dissertation, the impact of adding a new converter into an existing system, while keeping the existing equipment, to the operating limits of the new MTDC system is explained. Moreover, a method to estimate the operating points of the new system is proposed.

The second part of the dissertation deals with coordination of the converter controls. Depending on the dispatched power flow, each of the non-islanded converters in an MTDC system might be operated in either DC voltage control (UdcCtrl), active power control (PacCtrl), or DC voltage droop control (DroopCtrl) mode.

When a PtP link is expanded into MTDC operation by interconnecting an additional converter, its control systems likely need to be upgraded because DroopCtrl is not common in the PtP link installation. Furthermore, in the case where the existing MTDC system is expanded by adding more terminals, each converter vendor has their DroopCtrl solution, which makes it incompatible with others. Since the control system of HVDC is usually protected as intellectual property rights (IPR), the changes can only be made by the same vendor as the one who built the system first, i.e. monopolized by a single vendor.

In this dissertation, a new control layer is introduced to interface between the centralized MTDC control and localized converter control. The non-islanded converters are operated in UdcCtrl mode all the time, while the interface (IFC) units give the DC voltage reference. The DC voltage reference from the IFC unit is provided in such a way that the converter operating point lies along a specified droop line characteristic. This means that as seen from the MTDC control, each of the non-islanded converters within the MTDC system can be operated in different control modes by merely changing the droop line reference.

In addition to that, a phase compensator is embedded inside the IFC unit to adjust the time response of the existing UdcCtrl. So, the behavior of the existing UdcCtrl can be modified externally. Moreover, the IFC unit can work with the auxiliary control functions, such as frequency, power oscillation damping (POD), and emergency power controls. Simulation cases in PSCADTM/EMTDCTMand DIgSILENT PowerFactory software are used to demonstrate the capabilities of the IFC unit.

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PhD defence by Roni Irnawan on Control and Planning of Expandable Multi-Terminal VSC-HVDC Transmission Systems

ALL ARE WELCOME. THE DEFENCE WILL BE IN ENGLISH.

AFTER THE DEFENCE THERE WILL BE AN INFORMAL RECEPTION AT PONTOPPIDANSTRAEDE 111 IN ThE COFFEE ROOM.

 

Host

Department of Energy Technology

Address

Pontoppidanstræde 105, room 4.127

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